Oral Surgery, Smile Africa - Dental Clinic in Nairobi Kenya

Oral surgery includes procedures such as dental implants installation, surgery on your gums and removal of teeth. There is also repair of cleft lips or palates, rectifying problems in the jaw area as well as removal of tissues with disease from your mouth. Surgical procedures of this nature are carried out by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. There are some minor cases that most dentists can conveniently handle. Any case beyond your dentist’s specialty will be referred to a professional who has studied that field.

Moments and days after surgery

Whenever a surgical procedure has been completed, you will either feel pain, experience swelling or bleeding. With proper care, your mouth can heal within a short while. Here are tips on dealing with post-surgery conditions:

Pain

Once the effects of anesthesia begin to wear off, you will feel some pain. This is perfectly normal. Pain usually lasts for between 24-48 hours soon after surgery. In cases of soreness, it can stay for 3-5 days. There are variations with some people going for fewer periods while others take longer. 

Managing pain

  • The dentist will prescribe medication to ease pain. Take the medicine as advised.
  • Take sufficient amounts of rest. Avoid a unnecessary movement. In case the pain goes beyond 48 hours, alert your dentist immediately.
  • Do not take medication beyond what is prescribed.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol
  • You should not operate machinery or drive especially if the medication you are tasking leaves you feeling drowsy.
  • Indulge the dentist or dispensing pharmacists. Ask them to explain to you what each drug does when you take it.

Bleeding

After surgery, some form of bleeding will take place. This should last for up to two hours. At most, blood will ooze for 24 hours. Actually, your saliva mixes with blood. You can mistake this for excessive bleeding. If it persists for four hours or longer, tell the oral surgeon or dentist about it.

How to manage bleeding

  • Normally, the surgeon places gauze pads on top of the wound. This keeps bleeding down as clotting of blood takes place. Leave the gauze as it is for one hour. Maintain pressure by pressing the pad firmly with your teeth. You can replace the pad if you notice that the wound has not stopped bleeding one hour later.
  • Rest your body while keeping your head in a raised position. This helps in improving blood circulation. Continue with regular brushing and flossing but avoid touching the wound
  • A day later, rinse your mouth using warm salty water. Half a teaspoonful of salt will be sufficient. Put this measure whenever you want to rinse again. Rinse up to five times daily for 3-4 days.
  • Avoid rinsing within 24 hours after surgery.
  • Desist from chewing on top of the pad. Also resist the feeling of wanting to suck the surgical wound.  
  • Stay away from strenuous work for the first two days
  • Don’t take hot liquids whether its tea, coffee or soup. Let them cool first before you can drink.
  • Abstain from tobacco and alcohol intake for 2 weeks. These two substances prolong clotting of blood as well as healing.