Whenever you are faced with a problem that warrants a tooth extraction, you should consider another option. You see, when the bad tooth is pulled out, the neighboring teeth are left exposed. The resultant gap(s) can lead to lead to other teeth getting disarranged. At the same time, you avoid the trouble of getting an artificial replacement. Considering the cost of replacement options, you are better of settling for root canal treatment.
In order to understand how this treatment works, you need to understand the basic tooth anatomy. A tooth is divided into two main parts i.e. the crown and root. The former is what you see above the gum while the latter is hidden below it. Deep beneath the surface of your tooth is a space known as root canal. Inside this space are blood vessels and nerves. During a root canal procedure, the pulp (consisting of blood vessels and nerves) is removed.
The reason as to why a tooth becomes infected is as follows: Bacteria can get into the core of your tooth. They gain access through cracks or openings on the tooth or gum. These germs cause the pulp to be infected. When an infection occurs, it is manifested through swelling accompanied by pain. Under normal circumstances, such a tooth is supposed to be removed. Otherwise, other serious problems will follow. An x-ray image can show a dentist whether a tooth is infected or not. In medical terms, such an infection is known as an abscess.
Root canal treatments are done by dentists known as endodontists. This is a specialty that deals with treating complications arising from root canals. Root canal treatment follows the following process:
1.Local anesthesia is given to the patient.
2.The dentist keeps the area free from saliva through placement of a rubber dam.
3.He/she then makes a small hole that leads to the root canal.
4.He/she removes the pulp contained inside the canal.
5.The canal is cleaned before being filled and sealed.
6.The hole made in order to remove pulp is filled.
7.A permanent or temporary filling is used to seal the top of the affected tooth.
The dentist has to restore the treated tooth so that it looks and feels like any other. You could be sent to a restoration specialist who will choose to use either implants, dentures, bridges or crowns. It all depends on how strong the remaining part of the tooth is.
Treatment can be done with a single dental appointment. Two are recommended. During the first two weeks following treatment, the tooth feels tender. You will rarely feel pain or experience swelling. In case you do, go back to the dentist. You still need to continue exercising proper oral hygiene and care. Sometimes, a second treatment may be called for. However, this is a rare occurrence. When the problems persist, the final option is to extract the tooth.